Laparoscopy is a commonly performed procedure which is referred to also as minimally invasive surgery and has the goal to diagnose and treat multiple conditions.
Laparoscopy is direct visualization of the abdominal cavity. The laparoscope is a long thin instrument with a light source at its tip, to light up the inside of the abdomen or pelvis. Fiberoptic fibers carry images from a lens, also at the tip of the instrument, to a video monitor, which the surgeon and other operating room staff can view in real time.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is put into the abdomen. This gas allows visualization of the abdominal cavity and is removed at the end of the procedure.
Laparoscopic surgery is performed through small incisions which reduce post-operative pain and allows the patient to recover quicker. The post-operative complications which are usually associated with larger incisions, including infection, respiratory problems, need for more pain medication, etc, are significantly reduced.
Advanced laparoscopic surgery means performing complex surgeries in this fashion. At Center of Surgical Specialists, we treat in this way multiple conditions, including obesity, colon problems, acid reflux disease and hernias.